Disparity Humanitarian Aid Report Somalia 2021

Executive summary


This 44 pages report prepared by Somalia Disability Cluster (SDC) was conducted as part of the organization’s review efforts to determined status and gaps existing in the humanitarian aid and development programs in Somalia among the Disabled People Organizations and People with disabilities and to come up with appropriate action plans and recommendations to the concerned authorities and agencies. SDC aims to be on the forefront in identifying existing humanitarian aid gaps among the DPOs as well as recommend both immediate and long-term solutions.

Assessment  Methodology

The assessment employed direct and indirect communication and focus group discussions (FGDs) through online and telephone calls among the actors of the target populations and groups. The assessment engaged a total of 21 IDP cams hosting several thousand beneficiaries and 20 DPOs serving thousands of beneficiaries. During the assessment, professional data management was ensured at all stages

Report Findings

The situation for People with disabilities and Disabled People Organizations efforts to accessing humanitarian aid and other social services throughout this review were described by respondents as ‘invisible’ or ‘forgotten’. Our teams’ field visits and participatory activities with stakeholders revealed that DPOs and PWDs are not included in planning and distribution of humanitarian aid support by the various agencies and government authorities. All these groups identified similar challenges such as the inaccessible physical environment, lack of awareness in the communities, negative attitudes and stigma, and a severe shortage of assistive devices and mobility aids. Poverty was also identified as a major barrier to the inclusion of people with disabilities. Many stakeholders said people with disabilities were often part of families described as the ‘poorest of the poor’.

The findings indicate that while much is being done by SDC to promote people’s rights in Somalia, the programming and advocacy tends to focus on children in general. Throughout the review there was an underlying problems is lack of national strategic plans and  statistics  people with disabilities.   Beside  discriminative process of humanitarian aid  lack   CRPD skills for the Humanitarian actors on the ground. 

Regarding disability there seems to be a focus on theoretically what should be done (ideal scenarios) and not what can practically be done (strategies for action). This could be due to a lack of disability training in the past. Overall, SDC team identified their own lack of skills and knowledge related to disability, but demonstrated commitment and willingness to learn and increase SDC’s support for people with disabilities. Partners also indicated their own lack of disability awareness training. Indeed, much of the review evidence points to the need for capacity building in disability awareness for SDC staff and some partners. Continuous professional development of all SDC staff is needed around disability, with opportunities for collaboration and sharing ideas for best practice.

Summary of recommendations

The report recommends for the international humanitarian communities to continue working closely with local authorities, Federal States and Federal government of Somalia. And the  national NGOs and civil society organizations to ensure local resources cover the priority needs of all people identified to be in need of humanitarian assistance.  The international donors, partners and Somalia federal government should insure implementation of the international humanitarian aid principles  and sanders.

The main recommendations on how to include DPOs and persons with disabilities in humanitarian and development programmed in Somalia are suggested to various actors such as Somalia Federal Government, International Communities, UN Agencies, Humanitarian communities, etc. These recommendations should be applied across various sectors, including but not limited to: water, sanitation and hygiene; food security and livelihoods; shelter and settlements; health care; Education, Livelihood, etc.


Physical Address: 

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Email: sdc.somalia@gmail.com  

Email: info@naafo.org.so

Website: www.naafo.org.so

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